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Cognition and learning

Cognition and learning needs may encompass most of the curriculum, such as for pupils with MLD or SLD.  However, cognition and learning needs may only impact on specific areas such as reading, writing, spelling and mental calculations. Cognition and learning needs generally account for difficulties in curriculum-related areas such as:

reading, writing and spelling
processing difficulties such as sequencing, inference, coherence and elaboration
working memory
short term verbal memory
other types of executive function difficulties

To find out ‘What Works’ follow the link: Cognition and Learning | Whole School SEND

Cognition and Learning Graduated Response Toolkit

Download the toolkit: Cognition and Learning Graduated Response Toolkit (Word, 3MB)

These documents are referred to in the toolkit above:

Humber, Coast and Vale Keyworker Service

The new Keyworker service is being developed as a response to the NHS England long term plan commitment that by 2023/24 children and young people with a learning disability, autism, or both, with the most complex needs will have a designated Keyworker.

The Keyworking function is an important response to ensuring children, young people and families get the right support at the right time, and that local systems are responsive to meeting their needs in a holistic and joined up way.

Find out more and download the referral and consent forms. NELC SEND Local Offer | Humber, Coast and Vale Keyworker Service (

NDTi Green Light Tool Kit: Auditing and improving your mental health service so that it is effective in supporting autistic people and people with a learning disability

The Green Light Toolkit is a free resource which includes an online audit framework and toolkit. It will allow you to effectively benchmark your service and make informed decisions about where you can make improvements. Access the Green Light Toolkit and register to use the online survey tools.

The Toolkit is part of the sensory resource pack created to improve autistic people’s sensory experience in healthcare.

Signposting parent carers

Parent carers should know about the cognition and learning page on the Local Offer.

NELC SEND Local Offer | Cognition and learning (